Category Archives: About LittleSis

Measuring “contagion” effect of political donations using LittleSis data

While the LittleSis website is a useful tool for researchers, academics, journalists, and activists to explore and map networks of powerful people and organizations, our data is available for anyone to use for free under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 license. This means that anyone can use the data in our database for whatever they like, so long as they credit LittleSis and make their own content freely available as well.

Vincent Traag, a researcher at Leiden University in the Netherlands, recently used the LittleSis database to track how decisions to donate to political candidates spread through social networks.

Continue reading Measuring “contagion” effect of political donations using LittleSis data

All about that data

Well-tended profiles on LittleSis can be chock full of interesting and useful information, but where do you begin? A few months ago we rolled out a new tab designed to help you isolate only the information you want to see. Now it’s time for a formal introduction.

Every profile page for people and organizations now has a ‘Data’ tab.

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This will allow you to filter the information on the profile page by relationship category, entity type, industry, and interlocks with other people or corporations. You can even just use it to view the current board of directors or executives.

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We applied this same tab to lists. Now when viewing a list of individuals you can use the data tab to sort the list members by entity type, industry, and common interlocks. For example, there are 373 names on the Obama 2012 Bundlers list. You can now use the data tab to more precisely filter those connections.

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Super cool feature alert: When in the data tab, use the drop down menu from the ‘Lists’ box to see how many individuals are on different lists across the database. Select a list and the individuals connected between the two lists will show up.

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You can click the “link” button to link to this filtered view of the data. Or if you want to work with the data in a spreadsheet format, click “Export CSV.” The data from that view will automatically download, and you’ll be able to mark it up and analyze it to your heart’s content.

Oligrapher updates: home page, interlocks, and more

We have some exciting updates to share about Oligrapher, the LittleSis power mapping tool.

First, it has a brand new home page. Check out all of the amazing visualizations created with Oligrapher since we introduced the tool last year, create a map or sign up for an account, and share the page far and wide! Map all the graft…with Oligrapher.

And some new editing features:

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Continue reading Oligrapher updates: home page, interlocks, and more

Introducing Oligrapher: power mapping on LittleSis

The Endless Chain

A single example will illustrate the vicious circle of control–the endless chain–through which our financial oligarchy now operates:

J.P. Morgan (or a partner), a director of the New York, New Haven, & Hartford Railroad, causes that company to sell to J.P. Morgan & Co. an issue of bonds. J.P. Morgan & Co. borrow the money with which to pay for the bonds from the Guaranty Trust Company, of which Mr. Morgan (or a partner) is a director. J.P. Morgan & Co. sell the bonds to the Penn Mutual Life Insurance Company, of which Mr. Morgan (or a partner) is a director. The New Haven spends the proceeds of the bonds in purchasing steel rails from the United States Steel Corporation, of which Mr. Morgan (or a partner) is a director. The United States Steel Corporation spends the proceeds of the rails in purchasing electrical supplies from the General Electric Company, of which Mr. Morgan (or a partner) is a director. The General Electric sells supplies to the Western Union Telegraph Company, a subsidiary of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company; and in both Mr. Morgan (or a partner) is a director…

– from Other People’s Money and How the Bankers Use It, published by Louis Brandeis in 1914

The “endless chain” of power elite relationships that we track on LittleSis can be challenging to represent in the space of a paragraph. Reading through a list of relationships is often a confusing and mind-numbing exercise; writing such a list can have a similar effect on the author. It is, however, extremely important that we find effective methods of representing these relationships and informing the public about them. Stories of power, corruption, and undue influence revolve around relationships and networks, and exposing this information can have significant policy impact.

Continue reading Introducing Oligrapher: power mapping on LittleSis

Join a LittleSis training!

Look familiar? You can now join a free online training to get over the hump and start using LittleSis for your power research!

The real value of LittleSis is that anyone can edit and add data to keep the information accurate, current, and most importantly, growing. The more that our community of researchers, journalists, academics, activists, and concerned citizens add their research to LittleSis, the more we can build a collective understanding of the networks of power that shape public policy in our country. Contact us to join a training.

Here are five things LittleSis can help you with that we’ll cover in the training:

Continue reading Join a LittleSis training!

Elderly fear drop in Medicare coverage in new health plan

The elderly rethink their support of Obama over health care reform. (NYT)

Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke will speak today at the Fed annual retreat about the past year and how he sees the future. (AP)

As Citigroup and AIG submit their executive pay scales to Pay Czar Kenneth Feinberg, Obama won’t micromanage this one. (Bloomberg)

The Cash for Clunkers program, which just saw a cash infusion from Congress, will end Monday. (WSJ)

Robert Benmosche reportedly turned down the job as AIG chairman three times before he accepted to “restore credibility in our industry.” (Bloomberg)

How to Profile Investors on LittleSis

In response to a couple of questions I’ve received from analysts lately, I wanted to provide a simple set of instructions for profiling investors on LittleSis.

Why Profile Investors?

When prominent investors such as John Paulson make investment decisions, it can have a large impact on the public perception of a given industry.  For example: a recent article on demonstrated that his investment in the CBG sparked a 15% share increase on June 11th.  Moreover, shareholders with a significant stake in a company often gain the right to give input on key business decisions.

How to Track Investments:

Continue reading How to Profile Investors on LittleSis

LittleSis is growing!

And not just the database. Over the past two weeks, the LittleSis team has added three new members: Ellen Przepasniak, a (recovering?) print journalist, will be coordinating communications efforts and making regular appearances here at Eyes on the Ties; Erin Heaney, a community organizer, will be coordinating special projects, on-site and off; and Kyle Stone, an (involuntary?) social network guru, will be coordinating outreach efforts. You can read more about them here.

We’re really excited to have them on board. They’ve already brought an enormous amount of energy, enthusiasm, and vision to the project. And they know how to get stuff done.

LittleSis will take some big steps forward over the next few months — you’ll hear more about what’s in store soon — and Ellen, Erin, and Kyle are going to play a big part in making it all happen.

Why LittleSis Matters

There are thousands of people in the US, and plenty more around the world, who spend every day investigating the ties between people in the upper circles of government and business. These people have diverse backgrounds: investigative journalists, social scientists, political opposition researchers, social justice activists, public interest attorneys, and business intelligence types. There are thousands more amateur dirt diggers at the fringes, posting their findings to blogs, message boards, email lists, zines, and elsewhere.

These researchers don’t usually think of themselves as a community. They work on their own projects, occasionally encountering each others’ work and building upon it. Their work, if unpublished, is consigned to the purgatory of old filing cabinets and hard drives. As the internet has become by far the most important research and publishing tool available to them and their organizations, more of this research has found its way onto the web, but it remains scattered, hard to find, and even harder to assemble holistically.

But all these people engaged in power structure research share a common piece of wisdom: if you want to understand power, either to shift it or to attain it, you have to scrutinize the underlying relationships between powerful people. Combine this principle with another from the internet age — linked data is far more valuable than lonely data — and LittleSis is born.

LittleSis is an endeavor to take all the great power structure research already being done, organize it, clarify it, and connect it so that grassroots efforts that challenge the powers that be will have a big and detailed map of the terrain they must navigate, and proper tools for adding to it as they move forward.

(You know this already, but I’ll say it anyway:) We really, really need grassroots efforts challenging the powers that be to grow and win.

The crises we all have to reckon with are urgent because if left alone, they will get worse by orders of magnitude very quickly. The economy is contracting very sharply and soon may reach levels of unemployment we’ve never experienced in combination with the weak safety net and deep indebtedness that currently exist. Our government has spent over a trillion dollars transforming an oil dictatorship into a wasteland, and is spending trillions more pumping water out of the financial Titanic. And speaking of rough seas, at some point soon the earth might begin a runaway warming, and everything will drown.

Our official leaders (and the relatively small fraction of the world they draw support, advice, pressure, and guidance from) have not only steered our society in the wrong direction, they’ve completely crashed it in the process. As if this weren’t bad enough, recently it’s become ordinary for them to then to be placed (or remain) in charge of spending 1,000,000,000,000s of dollars on a solution.

A new administration is a step in the right direction, but a step that’s been taken many times before with little progress. New administrations are needed, but not enough, to prevent these crises from entering uncharted territories of bad news. The steering wheels are being held by many of the same hands, which means powerful people aren’t learning from their big mistakes. Our leaders have been given enormous space to fail and fail, usually without even minimal consequences for them. In other words, there is a staggering lack of accountability.

It is precisely in these conditions that grassroots efforts have to step in and turn up the heat on corruption, injustice, waste, and deception. Chronically failing leaders who hide in walls of power need a wakeup call from an outraged citizenry. Good people within the system need extra pressure and encouragement to wield their power in behalf of the changes they want to see but are told to forget.

Building simple tools where once they were lacking can go a long way toward making accountability efforts of all sizes more effective. I think LittleSis can do that. It organizes existing information to help everyone identify the culprits, watch what they’re up to, and effectively plot to challenge them. If people think that’s a good idea, they will participate, and it will do its job well.

Kevin Connor (LittleSis co-founder) and I thought it was a good idea several years ago when we were doing some research with a group called HarvardWatch. One of its focuses was the Harvard Corporation, the secretive university board composed of seven high-flying names from business, government, and academia. This board played a large part in blocking many progressive changes to school policy we worked hard to organize support for while attending Harvard.

As with many university boards, the closer you look at the Harvard Corporation, the worse it looks. In 2002 HarvardWatch brought needed attention to deep ties between the Harvard board and Enron, and energy deregulation in general. Realizing it could use its place within America’s most mythologized elite school to shine a light on some elite abuse of power, HarvardWatch put out another report later that year detailing ways that Harvard had propped up George W Bush’s failing oil company in 1980s, including off-the-books partnerships similar to those employed by Enron. (No joke.) A senior member of Harvard’s board at the time, Robert Stone, is a longtime friend of the Bush family, so go figure.

In 2004 Kevin and I began lamenting the lack of good software for conducting and sharing the research we were collecting about those networks. Text documents and spreadsheets just weren’t doing it for us. Wikis were starting to find use everywhere (SourceWatch is a site that began employing a wiki effectively for corporate research in 2003), but didn’t seem structured appropriately for modeling social networks.

So we thought about writing some software to fill this void. And while we’re at it, why not make it a public website for others like us to also use and add to? And why not populate it automatically with corporate board rosters extracted from SEC filings? And why not pull in bulk databases of political contributions and include that too? And government contracts! And lobbying records!

We had some experience with web development and information design, and a DIY spirit, and so the undertaking began in a highly extracurricular fashion in 2005. We spent years thinking about it, toying with many ideas, and little by little learning the skills we needed to execute it well. We finally began devoting ourselves to it for real in late 2007, assembled an organization to back it, received a grant from the Sunlight Foundation in June 2008, and built the current beta site from “scratch” with the help of another developer — Eddie Tejeda — in the half year since then.

So far I’m very happy with the results, as is the rest of the LittleSis team. I hope you’ll try it out and tell me what you think. I hope you’ll pass it along to all your friends who take down corporate criminals and run for local office and organize people and fight back with pen-swords.

Welcoming the Posse

A big welcome to friends of the Sunlight Foundation! Today’s Sunlight post marks LittleSis’s first real steps out into the wide world of the internet. We’re very happy that transparency’s posse is getting a first peek at the site, because we designed it for people like you: people focused on breaking through the information barriers that hurt our democracy.

From Wall Street to Washington, the need to bring transparency to powerful social networks is urgent. This has become increasingly clear over the past six months, as the economy has sunk to new depths, and leaders in business and government have formulated deeply unpopular responses to the challenges that the country faces.

By tracking the relationships of powerful Americans – everything from campaign contributions to family ties – LittleSis opens up these networks for public inspection. “Big Brother” is commonly used to describe a situation where the electronic eyes of the powers that be are vigilantly watching citizens for misbehavior. LittleSis is a website where the electronic eyes of citizens are vigilantly watching back.

The Sunlight Foundation first began supporting about six months ago. At the time, the project was still a raggedy prototype. It was, and still is, a project of the Public Accountability Initiative, an emerging nonprofit founded by me, Matthew, and several other veterans of academia, activism, and the world of web 2.0. Sunlight recognized the urgency of the project and its goals and threw their support behind our project. We’re very grateful for their support.

Like all of you, and like Sunlight, LittleSis is part of a movement to bring transparency to government and open up the channels of power in this country. At a time of great crisis and enormous challenges, it’s movements like this one that will turn the page on an era of failed leadership and failed policy, and hit refresh on our democracy.